Japoneses feriados em 2014

Table des jours fériés japonais en 2014

Name Date Remarks
New Year's Day(元日) January 1(三) This national holiday was established in 1948, as a day to celebrate the new year. New Year's Day marks the beginning of Japan's most important holiday season, the New Year season (正月 Shōgatsu), which generally refers to the first one, three or seven days of the year. Although not prescribed by law, many workplaces are closed from December 29 to January 3. Prior to 1948, New Year's Day was a national holiday on which the imperial worship ceremony known as Shihō-hai took place.
Coming of Age Day(成人の日)

January 13(一月第二個星期一)

Second Monday of January    This national holiday was established in 1948 as a day to congratulate and encourage people who have reached the age of maturity (20) during the year. Cities and towns throughout the nation hold ceremonies for these people. Originally held on January 15, in 2000 it was changed to the second Monday of January in accordance with the Happy Monday System.
Foundation Day (建國記念の日 ) February 11(二) This national holiday was established in 1966 (and first held in 1967) as a day to reflect on the establishment of the nation and to nourish a love for the country. From 1872 to 1948, February 11 was known as Kigen-setsu (紀元節), a holiday commemorating the day on which—according to the Nihon Shoki—Emperor Jimmu is said to have acceded the throne in 660 BCE.
Vernal Equinox Day (春分の日 ) March 21(五) Around March 20 This national holiday was established in 1948 as a day for the admiration of nature and the love of living things. Prior to 1948, the vernal equinox was an imperial ancestor worship festival called Shunki kōrei-sai (春季皇霊祭).
Shōwa Day (昭和の日 ) April 29(二) This national holiday was established in 2007 as a day to reflect on the events of the Shōwa period. As the birthday of Hirohito, officially known as Emperor Shōwa, April 29 was originally celebrated as a holiday during his lifetime. (See "The Emperor's Birthday" below.) After the death of Hirohito in 1989, the date continued to be a holiday under the new name "Greenery Day". (See also below.) In 2007, Greenery Day was moved to May 4, and April 29 took the name "Shōwa Day" in honor of the late Emperor. Shōwa Day marks the start of the Golden Week holiday period.
Constitution Memorial Day May 3(六) This national holiday was established in 1948, to commemorate the day on which Japan's postwar constitution took effect. Constitution Memorial Day falls during Golden Week.
Greenery Day(みどりの日 ) May 4(日) This national holiday is celebrated as a day to commune with nature and be grateful for its blessings. Originally established in 1989 and held annually on April 29 (the late Shōwa Emperor's birthday), in 2007 Greenery Day was moved to May 4, and April 29 was renamed "Shōwa Day" (see above.) Greenery Day falls during Golden Week. (From 1986 to 2006, May 4 was a kokumin no kyūjitsu holiday.)
Children's Day(こどもの日) May 5(一) This national holiday was established in 1948, as a day on which to esteem the personalities of children and plan for their happiness. It is on this day that the Japanese equivalent of the Dragon Boat Festival (端午の節句 Tango no Sekku?) is held. On this day, and for some time before it, families who have a boy in their home may fly koinobori and decorate their homes with armor or samurai dolls. Children's Day marks the end of Golden Week.
Marine Day(海の日) July 21(七月的第三個星期一) This national holiday was established in 1995 (and first held in 1996) as a day of gratitude for the blessings of the oceans and for hoping for the prosperity of the maritime nation that is Japan. Originally held on July 20, in 2003 it was changed to the third Monday of July in accordance with the Happy Monday System
Respect-for-the-Aged Day(敬老の日) September 15(九月的第三個星期一) This national holiday was established in 1966 as a day to respect the elderly and celebrate long life. Originally held on September 15, it originated as a renaming of Old Folks' Day (老人の日 Rōjin no hi?). In 2003, it was changed to the third Monday of September in accordance with the Happy Monday System
Autumnal Equinox Day (秋分の日) September 23 This national holiday was established in 1948 as a day on which to honor one's ancestors and remember the dead. Prior to 1948, the autumnal equinox was an imperial ancestor worship festival called Shūki kōrei-sai (秋季皇霊祭).
Health and Sports Day (體育の日) October 13(十月的第二個星期一) This national holiday was established in 1966 as a day on which to enjoy sports and cultivate a healthy mind and body. Originally held on October 10 to commemorate the anniversary of the opening ceremony of the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, in 2000 it was changed to the second Monday of October in accordance with the Happy Monday System
Culture Day (文化の日) November 3(一) This national holiday was established in 1948. It commemorates the November 3, 1946 announcement of the Constitution. It is recognized as a day to celebrate peace and freedom and promote culture. (Although prior to the establishment of this holiday in 1948, November 3 was also a national holiday called Meiji-setsu (明治節) commemorating the birthday of Emperor Meiji, the two holidays are ostensibly unrelated.)
Labour Thanksgiving Day (勤労感謝の日) November 23(日) This national holiday was established in 1948 as an occasion for praising labor, celebrating production and giving one another thanks. Prior to the establishment of this holiday, November 23 was celebrated as an imperial harvest festival called Niiname-sai .
The Emperor's Birthday 天皇誕生日  December 23(二) The birthday of the reigning emperor has been a national holiday since 1868. Originally known as Tenchō-setsu , it was renamed Tennō tanjōbi (天皇誕生日) in 1948. It is currently celebrated on December 23; Emperor Akihito was born on this day in 1933. (Prior to the death of Emperor Hirohito in 1989, this holiday was celebrated on April 29. See "Shōwa Day" above.)

 

Public Holidays in Japan in 2014 was established by the Law on public holidays (National Feriados no Japão, em 2014 foi estabelecido pela Lei de feriados ( Dia Nacional completa desejo Quanto lei ru ) 1948 (alterada) . Prestação prescrita da lei, quando um feriado nacional cai em um domingo , o dia útil seguinte será um feriado público , chamado furikaekyūjitsu ( vibração para o feriado , iluminado . "Feriado Shift" ) . Além disso, dois outros feriados nacionais caem entre qualquer dia também será um festival, chamado kokumin não kyujitsu ( feriado nacional completa , iluminado . "Feriado Civic " ) . 4 de maio de imprensada entre Dia da Constituição em 3 de maio e Dia das Crianças em 5 de maio , este é um festival, a exemplo anual , até que foi substituído pelo Green Day em 2007.
Antes de 1873 , o Japão adotou o calendário gregoriano , a data do feriado é baseado no calendário lunissolar tradicional chinesa. Assim, Dia de Ano Novo , por exemplo, é comemorado no início da primavera, como é na China moderna , Coréia e Vietnã. Japão tem 15 , feriados nacionais aprovados pelo governo .


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